Bamboo, as a building material, has been used in all areas of residence and life since ancient times: pavilions, viewing platforms, corridors, pontoons, and other forms. Bamboo architecture is not only a place for people to have a rest but also a unique landscape architecture in the scenic spot, which has a beautiful value of appreciation, garden culture, and art. Bamboo bridge, bamboo pavilion, and corridor are flexible and diverse in shape, which is ecologically friendly and often add highlights to the landscape with their unique architectural forms. Bamboo is used in modern residential buildings. Bamboo processing technology can also be used to process bamboo into bamboo wall panels, beams, columns, floor slabs, roof frames, and other structural components.
Bamboo architecture has some characteristics:(1)Flexibility: It is more flexible in design and construction than other building materials. (2) Technology: it is easier to combine with advanced technology. (3) Safety: Bamboo houses can be well preserved after some big earthquakes. (4) Comfort: People still like to build bamboo towers to escape the heat. (5) Raw material acquisition advantages: Bamboo is easy to grow in many countries of the world, and it can be used to build more buildings compare to the same volume of trees.(6) Durability: The processed bamboo has the capacity that it can keep its original performance under the influence of long-term general damage.
There are great possibilities and prospects for the development of bamboo architecture and bamboo products. In recent years, INBAR(International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation) has not only published technical reports on bamboo architecture design but also worked with the international organization for standardization (ISO) to formulate relevant standards and specifications for bamboo architecture. With the active promotion of bamboo development by the government and international organizations, the application of bamboo as a green building material in the construction industry will certainly have a broad development prospect.